Electronically Assisted Pedal Cycles (EAPC's)

Electric bikes (EAPC's) are an affordable and environmentally friendly alternative means of transport for drivers who are disqualified from driving. Electric bikes that meet certain specific technical requirements do not need to be registered, insured, taxed and no licence is required to ride them.

You must be at least 14 years of age to legally ride a Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycle in the UK

S.189(1)(c) of The Road Traffic Act 1988 [1] creates legislation stating EAPC's shall not be classed as motor vehicles, it states:

140 Certain vehicles not to be treated as motor vehicles

(1) For the purposes of this act—

[...]

  1. an electrically assisted pedal cycle of such class as may be prescribed by regulations so made,

shall be treated as not being a motor vehicle.


EAPC Requirements

In the UK if an electric bike meets the EAPC requirements laid out in The Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycles Regulations 1983 [2] and The Pedal Cycles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1983 [3] it can be legally ridden by anyone over the age of 14 without the need for registration, vehicle excise duty (Road Tax), insurance coverage and a valid driving licence.

An electronic power assisted bike can be rode on cycle tracks and anywhere else a standard bicycle can be rode.


The EAPC (Electronically Assisted Pedal Cycle) requirements are as follows:

  1. The bike must be fitted with an electric motor with a continuous power output no more than:
    • 0.2 kilowatts (200 watts) in the case of bicycles
    • 0.25 kilowatts (250 watts) in the case of tandem bicycles or tricycles

    The electronic motor must not be able to propel the bike when it is travelling at more than 15 mph
  2. The electric bike must be fitted with pedals capable of propelling the bike
  3. The kerbside weight of the electric bike (including the battery but not the rider) must not exceed:
    • 40 kilograms if it is a bicycle
    • 60 kilograms if it is a tandem bicycle or tricycle
  4. The electric bike must have a plate securely fixed in a readily accessible position displaying the following:
    • The name of the manufacturer
    • The nominal voltage of the battery
    • The continuous rated output (power output) of the bike

Benefits of Riding and Owning an Electric Bike

Owning an electric bike is an ideal way to decrease your carbon footprint, increase your fitness and improve your health.

If you are a disqualified driver an electric bike could be an ideal mode of transport for commuting to and from work, a great alternative to public transport and costly taxi cabs. An electric bike can be pedalled like a normal bike or if you prefer, you can use the electronic motor to do the hard work for you!


Reference:

[1] The Road Traffic Act 1988

[2] The Electrically Assisted Pedal Cycles Regulations 1983

[3] The Pedal Cycles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1983

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